Title of Lesson: Trains in Perspective

Grade Level:

7th -8th

Subject Area:


Instructional Goal:

Student will explore the essential element, linear perspective using line and depth.

Submitted By:

Bobette Lovinggood Guillory

*student examples

Rationale Supply List Learning Strategies Communicate Results
Performance Objectives Computer Hardware and Software Required Prerequisite Student Skills Evaluation Procedures
Instructional Strategies Resources Time Frame Set New Challenge
Preparation Related WWW Sites Career Connections


Linear perspective is an fundamental concept for any art student to understand and this lesson will add to the understanding of this essential element for art.

Performance Objectives:

Part I: Students will create a simple train and train station using one and two-point perspective.

Part II: Students will create their train and train station using this perspective in ClarisWorks on the Macintosh computers.

Instructional Strategies:

* Student Examples are available for viewing

Teacher will describe the style of the Renaissance Architecture that used perspective. Teaches and students should discuss several Italian Artist that existed during the Renaissance period. Some examples of Renaissance artist are Michelangelo, who painted the Sistine Chapel, Leonard Da Vinci, who painted the Mona Lisa, Raphael (Raffaello Santi) who painted The School of Athens and Donatello the sculptor. Explain the terms related to linear perspective. Examples of the artist work are shown to the students.

Focus: Several slides, or pictures from related web site of Renaissance architecture will be viewed and discussed. Several large transparencies of one, two-point, linear and aerial perspective will then be shown. Examples of each style will be shown.

Introduction: A discussion will begin by asking students who were some of the Masters of the Renaissance period. How did the artist paint architecture paintings? Did they use perspective and what is perspective?

a. What is one or two-point perspective? Have you ever drawn a cube before starting with a simple shape. Examples of art created in this perspective will be shown.

b. What do you think linear perspective is? An example of a room created in linear perspective will be shown from a book called "The Art Pack", by C. Frayling, H. Frayling and R. V. Meer. This book has an example of a room created in linear perspective using string as guide lines for linear perspective. It is very life-like.

Instructional and Studio:

Students will be instructed to draw shapes in one and two-point perspective using a ruler and newsprint paper. Then a demonstration on perspective using ClarisWorks will be viewed on the LCD panel. Answer any questions from the students and then show a finished example.


1. Students are to decide how they want their train and train station to look and then draw it out onto newsprint paper before starting on the computer.

During this time, the teachers should give constant feedback to the students and the students should consult their peers for feedback, too.

2. Once it's planned, then drawing lightly in pencil their guidelines keeping the ruler straight.

3. Now they are ready to begin drawing each step using the computer and mouse as their "art tools". They must decide whether to create this project in the drawing or paint files within ClarisWorks v4.0.

4. Begin creating their project.

5. Once finished in black and white, then with approval from teacher, color can be added.

6. Print out using the color printers in the lab.

Each student should show and explain their perspective using the LCD panel and overhead. Each student will describe what type of perspective is the most interesting. Which one was the most difficult for them to do? how do architectures use perspective?


Teachers would gather examples of art for the students to view from books and the World Wide Web. Supplies would be gathered.

Supply List:

Rulers, pencils, erasers, black felt pen and white paper.

Computer Hardware and Software Required:

Computers, printer, ClarisWorks v4.0


Examples of Italian Renaissance Architecture. Web sites to view.

Related WWW Sites

Name of Site address of site Description of Site
Visit the Louvre (Paris France) http://sunsite.unc.edu/louvre Important works of art are stored in this site.
ArtsEdge http://www.kennedy-center.org/ This site from the Kennedy Center in Washington D. C. features learning through the arts.
Art and Architecture of the Italian Renaissance http://rubens.anu.edu.au/italren/renmenu.html This site contains 241 images of architecture and information about the history of Italian Renaissance art and artist.
ArtSource  http://www.uky.edu/Artsource/artcourcehome.html This contains a group of links to networked art and architecture resources
Architronic http://www.saed.edu/Architronic/search.html Students and teachers can search these journals for information on artist and history of art. There are 40 document that match Italian Renaissance Architecture
Renaissance and Baroque Architecture: Architectural History 102 http://www.lib.virginia.edu/dic/colls/arch102/index.html Here images are provided for the personal use of students, scholars and the public.
The Vatican Exhibit Main Hall http://sunsite.nc.edu/expo/vatican.exhibit/exhibit/Main_Hall.html This site includes a virtual tour of art and building design.
National Museum of American Art http://www.nmaa.si.edu This site has 1,000 works of art from the Smithsonian.
WebMuseum, Paris http://suncite.unc.edu/wm/ This site has some of the famous painting of the world.
World Wide Arts Resources http://wwar.com/ Links to hundreds of museums and galleries are in this site.

Learning Strategies:

This lesson will begin with the students and teacher discussing examples of Italian Renaissance architecture. The sharing of ideas and collaboration of each member of the class begins the student's interest in the challenge. Each student's ideas are accepted and valued. The classroom environment should be non-competitive and supportive. Some students may need more time than others to complete the assignment. Students should feel free to consult with each other about their designs. The classroom must be rich in examples and resources for the students to view as they work. Each student will have a different "construction of knowledge" in this assignment. The teacher is giving constant feedback as the students work on their trains.

Prerequisite Student Skills:

Students must be able to use ClarisWorks draw and paint tools.

Time Frame:

2 to 3 weeks

Career Connections:

Art and architecture

Communicate Results:

Students show work to class and comment on each other's perspectives. Teacher gives feedback and possible new challenges.

Evaluation Procedures:

Assessment is the completed perspective printout. Each student will have different printouts and students work should be posted.

Set New Challenge:

HyperCard software has excellent art tools. In the tools set there is the ability to create multiple images. Students who are working with perspective would enjoy extending their skills of perspectives with these tools. Students can create a HyperCard stack called "Perspectives".

This site is no longer being maintained, but will remain online for the use of educators.